Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5 (ANNUAL MEAN)

16.3
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

154/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

1,812

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

1,029

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

2,011

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2 (ANNUAL MEAN)

28.8
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

160/858

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

872

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

1

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

1,162

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.469
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.439
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

155/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

68.49%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

649

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

43.0%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

334/866

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

65.20%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

232

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Traffic Noise

Traffic Noise

60.5%

% OF POPULATION EXPOSED TO HARMFUL NOISE LEVELS

11.5%

% OF HIGHLY ANNOYED POPULATION

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

96

EXPOSURE DATA SOURCE

Strategic noise map NOISE MAP QUALITY Moderate

SHARE THE RESULTS

REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

REFERENCE: Sasha Khomenko, Marta Cirach, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Evelise Pereira-Barboza, Tamara Iungman, Natalie Mueller, Maria Foraster, Cathryn Tonne, Meelan Thondoo, Calvin Jephcote, John Gulliver, James Woodcock, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen. Impact of road traffic noise on annoyance and preventable mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment. Environment International, Volume 162, 2022, 107160, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107160

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