Air Pollution

Air Pollution

PM2.5 (ANNUAL MEAN)

13
  • 10 5 µg/m3 WHO recommended level
  • 20
  • 30 25 µg/m3 EU maximun level
  • 40
  • 50
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

---/858

Madrid does not appear in the ranking because it has been included within its metropolitan area. To see the results for Madrid (metropolitan area) click here.

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

1,462

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

552

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

1,693

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

NO2 (ANNUAL MEAN)

43
  • 10
  • 20 10 µg/m3
    WHO recommended level
  • 30
  • 40
  • 50 40 µg/m3
    EU
    maximun level
  • 60
  • 70
  • 80
  • 90
  •  

RANKING POSITION

---/858

Madrid does not appear in the ranking because it has been included within its metropolitan area. To see the results for Madrid (metropolitan area) click here.

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

1,697

IF NEW WHO GUIDELINES (2021)
WERE MET

231

IF FORMER WHO GUIDELINES (2005) WERE MET

2,010

IF THE LOWEST LEVELS OF AIR POLLUTION WERE MET

Green Space

Green Space

Vegetation Index (NDVI)

0.305
  • 0.10
  • 0.20
  • 0.30
  • 0.40
  • 0.50
  • 0.60
  • 0.70
  • 0.80
  • 0.90
  •  
0.31
NDVI goal
(WHO recommendation)

RANKING POSITION

---/866

Madrid does not appear in the ranking because it has been included within its metropolitan area. To see the results for Madrid (metropolitan area) click here.

% OF POPULATION BELOW
TARGET NDVI

59.70%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

407

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Green Area (GA)

23.2%
  • 10%
  • 20%
  • 30% 25%
    GA
    (WHO recommendation)
  • 40%
  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 90%
  •  

RANKING POSITION

---/866

Madrid does not appear in the ranking because it has been included within its metropolitan area. To see the results for Madrid (metropolitan area) click here.

% OF POPULATION BELOW
25% GA

72.00%

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

287

IF WHO GUIDELINES WERE MET

Traffic Noise

Traffic Noise

43.8%

% OF POPULATION EXPOSED TO HARMFUL NOISE LEVELS

7.9%

% OF HIGHLY ANNOYED POPULATION

DEATHS THAT COULD BE AVOIDED

39

EXPOSURE DATA SOURCE

Strategic noise map NOISE MAP QUALITY High

SHARE THE RESULTS

REFERENCES: Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Premature mortality due to air pollution in European cities; an Urban Burden of Disease Assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30272-2.

Khomenko S, Cirach M, Pereira-Barboza E, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Nieuwenhuijsen M. Health impacts of the new WHO air quality guidelines in European cities, The Lancet Planetary Health, D-21-00431R1, Nov 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00288-6

REFERENCE: Pereira Barboza E, Cirach M, Khomenko S, Iungman S, Mueller N, Barrera-Gómez J, Rojas-Rueda D, Kondo M, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Green space and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment study, The Lancet Planetary Health 2021; 5: e718–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00229-1

REFERENCE: Sasha Khomenko, Marta Cirach, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Evelise Pereira-Barboza, Tamara Iungman, Natalie Mueller, Maria Foraster, Cathryn Tonne, Meelan Thondoo, Calvin Jephcote, John Gulliver, James Woodcock, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen. Impact of road traffic noise on annoyance and preventable mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment. Environment International, Volume 162, 2022, 107160, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107160

Search another city

Search another city

FAQs

What is the air pollution ranking?
What is the green space ranking?
Where do the data on this website come from?
How are the rankings calculated?

Check out more FAQs